AskDefine | Define pride

Dictionary Definition

pride

Noun

1 a feeling of self-respect and personal worth [syn: pridefulness] [ant: humility]
2 satisfaction with your (or another's) achievements; "he takes pride in his son's success"
3 the trait of being spurred on by a dislike of falling below your standards [ant: humility]
4 a group of lions
5 unreasonable and inordinate self-esteem (personified as one of the deadly sins) [syn: superbia] v : be proud of; "He prides himself on making it into law school" [syn: plume, congratulate]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

pride, prute from pryte

Pronunciation

  • /praɪd/
  • Rhymes with: -aɪd

Noun

  1. A sense of one's own worth, and abhorrence of what is beneath or unworthy of one; lofty self-respect; noble self-esteem; elevation of character; dignified bearing; proud delight; -- in a good sense.
    • The pride of the peacock is the glory of God.—William Blake
  2. Proud or disdainful behavior or treatment; insolence or arrogance of demeanor; haughty bearing and conduct; insolent exultation; disdain; hubris.
  3. That of which one is proud; that which excites boasting or self-gratulation; the occasion or ground of self-esteem, or of arrogant and presumptuous confidence, as beauty, ornament, noble character, children, etc.
  4. A small European lamprey (Petromyzon branchialis); -- called also prid, and sandpiper.
  5. The quality or state of being proud; inordinate self-esteem; an unreasonable conceit of one's own superiority in talents, beauty, wealth, rank, etc., which manifests itself in lofty airs, distance, reserve, and often in contempt of others.
  6. Show; ostentation; glory.
  7. Highest pitch; elevation reached; loftiness; prime; glory,
    • to be in the pride of one's life.
  8. Consciousness of power; fullness of animal spirits; mettle; wantonness.
  9. Lust; sexual desire; esp., an excitement of sexual appetite in a female beast.
  10. A company of lions.

Translations

sense of one's own worth, and abhorrence of what is beneath or unworthy of one
  • Arabic:
  • Chinese: 骄傲 (jiāo ào), 自尊 (zìzūn)
  • Czech: hrdost
  • Dutch: trots
  • Finnish: ylpeys
  • French: fierté
  • German: Stolz
  • Italian: orgoglio
  • Japanese: 誇り (ほこり)
  • Korean: 자랑 (jarang)
  • Kurdish:
    Sorani: شانازی
  • Macedonian: гордост (gordost)
  • Polish: duma
  • Portuguese: orgulho
  • Russian: гордость
  • Spanish: orgullo
  • Swedish: stolthet
proud or disdainful behavior or treatment; insolence or arrogance of demeanor; haughty bearing and conduct
  • Finnish: ylpeys, ylimielisyys, kopeus
  • trreq French
  • trreq German
  • Japanese: 傲慢 (ごうまん)
  • Russian: гордыня, спесь, заносчивость, высокомерие, чванство
  • Swedish: stolthet
that of which one is proud; that which excites boasting or self-gratulation; the occasion or ground of self-esteem
small European lamprey (Petromyzon branchialis)
  • German: kleines Neunauge
quality or state of being proud; inordinate self-esteem; an unreasonable conceit of one's own superiority in talents, beauty, wealth, rank, etc.
  • Finnish: ylpeys
  • Russian: гордыня, спесь, заносчивость, высокомерие, чванство
  • Swedish: stolthet
show; ostentation; glory
  • Finnish: ylvästely
  • Russian: гордость
highest pitch; elevation reached; loftiness; prime; glory; as, to be in the pride of one's life
  • Finnish: huippu
  • Russian: расцвет, разгар
consciousness of power; fullness of animal spirits; mettle; wantonness
lust; sexual desire; esp., an excitement of sexual appetite in a female beast
  • Finnish: kiima
company of lions
  • Czech: smečka
  • Finnish: lauma
  • German: Rudel
  • Russian: прайд

Verb

  1. To experience or pride.
    I pride myself on being a good judge of character, but pride goes before the fall and I'm not a good judge of my own character so I'm often wrong without knowing it and fall in with a bad crowd.

Extensive Definition

Pride is an emotion which refers to a strong sense of self respect, a refusal to be humiliated as well as joy in the accomplishments of oneself or a person, group, nation or object that one identifies with. According to the Concise Oxford Dictionary, Proud comes from late Old English prud, probably from Old French prude "brave, valiant" (11th century), from Latin prode "advantageous, profitable", from prodesse "be useful". The sense of "having a high opinion of oneself", not in French, may reflect the Anglo-Saxons' opinion of the Norman knights who called themselves "proud", like the French knights preux.

Religious references

Buddhism

In Buddhism, Pride is seen as illogical as no one person or thing can be better or worse than something or someone else.

Judaism

Judaism, using Pride in the sense of hubris or arrogance, denounces it - the phrase "Pride goes before a fall" is a paraphrase of a passage from the book of Proverbs, in the Old Testament. Many more verses of the Tanakh/Old Testament speak of Pride and arrogance. "Blessed is that man that makes the Lord his trust, and looks not to the proud, nor to those that turn aside to lies." (Psalm 40:4) "Talk no more exceeding proudly, nor let arrogancy come out of your mouth: for the Lord is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed." (I Sam. 2:3)

Hinduism

In Hinduism, Ravana, an evil king who was killed by Rama, avatar of Vishnu, exhibited the sins of Pride and Lust.

Christianity

In Christianity, Pride (also Vanity or arrogance) is the essentially competitive and excessive belief in one's own abilities that interferes with the individual's recognition of the grace of God, or the worth which God sees in others; for example: "In his Pride the wicked does not seek Him; in all his thoughts there is no room for God." (Psalm 10:4) Pride the greatest of the seven deadly sins. (Pride, envy, lust, wrath, sloth, gluttony and greed)

Taoism

In Taoism, according to the Tao Te Ching, Pride and Greed are human errors.

Islam

In Islam, Pride is also forbidden. According to a narration from Muhammad, he said: "He in whose heart there is as much as an atom of arrogance will not enter paradise," and a man remarked: "A man likes his garment to be beautiful and his sandals to be beautiful." Then Muhammad replied: "God, Most High, is beautiful and likes beauty; arrogance is disdaining what is true and despising people." (Sahih Muslim).

Nietzsche

Nietzsche saw Pride as an example of the previous, master set of morals that has been replaced with slave moralities. In this, Pride was good, because it acknowledges the good and the noble, rejecting the weak and insipid. Without pride, we will remain subservient.

Objectivism

Objectivism, it would seem, is among the few philosophies and/or religions that list pride as a virtue. According to Ayn Rand, pride is one of the seven main virtues. In The Virtue of Selfishness, Ayn Rand wrote
''The virtue of Pride can best be described by the term: “moral ambitiousness.” It means that one must earn the right to hold oneself as one’s own highest value by achieving one’s own moral perfection—which one achieves by never accepting any code of irrational virtues impossible to practice and by never failing to practice the virtues one knows to be rational—by never accepting an unearned guilt and never earning any, or, if one has earned it, never leaving it uncorrected—by never resigning oneself passively to any flaws in one’s character—by never placing any concern, wish, fear or mood of the moment above the reality of one’s own self-esteem. And, above all, it means one’s rejection of the role of a sacrificial animal, the rejection of any doctrine that preaches self-immolation as a moral virtue or duty.
Pride is thus seen as a positive, correct life-affirming attitude to have, as it celebrates one's achievements and promoted selfworth. It is achieved by consistently'' practicing productiveness, rationality, independence, honesty, integrity, justice and all of the other virtues, and the end result is one of the three cardinal Objectivist values: self-esteem.

National Pride

In Germany, "national pride" ("Nationalstolz") is often associated with the former Nazi regime. Strong displays of national pride are therefore considered poor taste by many Germans. There is an ongoing public debate about the issue of German patriotism. The World Cup in 2006, held in Germany, saw a wave of patriotism sweep the country in a manner not seen for many years. Although many were hesitant to show such blatant support as the hanging of the national flag from windows, as the team progressed through the tournament, so too did the level of support across the nation. By the time the semi-final against Italy came around, the level of national pride and unity was at its highest throughout the tournament, and the hosting of the World Cup is seen to have been a great success for Germany as a nation.

Secondary pride

Secondary pride is a little-known but often felt variant of pride. The pride people feel for what their ancestors, children, or country has done is classified as secondary or vicarious pride.

Other

The national motto of the United States Virgin Islands is "United in Pride and Hope".
The well-known English maxim, "Pride goes before a fall," is itself an adaptation of Proverbs 16:18.

References

pride in Arabic: فخر
pride in Catalan: Orgull
pride in Cebuano: Orgueil, Tarn-et-Garonne
pride in Czech: Pýcha
pride in Danish: Hovmod
pride in German: Stolz
pride in Spanish: Orgullo
pride in French: Orgueil
pride in Hebrew: גאווה
pride in Latin: Superbia
pride in Lithuanian: Puikybė
pride in Newari: अहङ्कार
pride in Japanese: 傲慢
pride in Portuguese: Soberba
pride in Russian: Гордость
pride in Simple English: Pride
pride in Slovak: Pýcha
pride in Swedish: Högmod
pride in Ukrainian: Гордість

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

Olympian detachment, Olympian loftiness, acedia, anger, army, arrogance, arrogantness, assumption of superiority, assurance, assuredness, avarice, avaritia, be proud of, belief, best, bighead, boast, boastfulness, brag, bunch, catch, celebrate, certitude, circumstance, cockiness, cocksureness, colony, conceit, condescendence, condescension, confidence, confidentness, congratulate, conviction, courage, crow, deadly sin, delight in, diamond, dignity, domineering, domineeringness, drift, drive, drove, egoism, egotism, envy, faith, felicitate, find, flock, flower, formality, gam, gang, gasconade, gem, glory in, gluttony, godsend, good thing, greed, gula, haughtiness, haughty airs, hauteur, heraldry, herd, high horse, hoity-toitiness, hoity-toity, honor, host, hubris, invidia, ira, jewel, kennel, litter, loftiness, lust, luxuria, overbearing pride, overbearingness, overconfidence, oversureness, overweening, overweening pride, overweeningness, pack, patronization, patronizing, patronizing attitude, pearl, pique, plum, plume, pod, poise, pomp, pomposity, positiveness, preen, pride and joy, prize, proudness, purse-pride, revel in, school, security, self-admiration, self-assurance, self-confidence, self-consequence, self-esteem, self-importance, self-love, self-reliance, self-respect, settled belief, shoal, side, skulk, sloth, smugness, snobbery, snobbishness, solemnity, state, stiff-necked pride, subjective certainty, superbia, sureness, surety, take pride in, toploftiness, treasure, trip, troop, trophy, trouvaille, trust, uppishness, uppityness, vainglory, vanity, vaunt, windfall, winner, wrath
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